What is a Full Stack Developer / Engineer?

Full Stack Developer / Engineer is an professional who works on both server-side and client-side of a software application process.

FULL STACK DEVELOPER is an engineer who works on both server-side and client-side of a software application.

This type of developer works on the Full Stack of an application that means Back-end languages, Front-end technology, Server, API, Database and Version Controlling Systems. Thus, the name is “Full Stack Developer”.

Full Stack Developers and Engineers are not master in all programming languages. Rather they have a solid proficiency in one or more these languages. They have a clear understanding how front-end and back-end technologies need to integrate and work together efficiently.

That’s why, using their wide range of techniques, they can make a design for a product very rapidly. They have an active mind set and broader angle of views. They are more sensitive to the techniques and have an own opinion towards the design or product.

They can provide help to everyone in the team. They reduce the time and technical costs. Some of them may become technical partners in start-up companies.

Stack Overflow Survey about Developers’ Profiles

Software Stack | what should I learn?

A collection of programs used to produce specific results is called Software Stack. It involves an Operating System and its applications.

For example, a smartphone software stack includes OS with its phone app, web browsers and default applications.

To become a Full Stack engineer, you need to master a software stack based on your career goals, project and company requirements.

Here is a list of popular software stacks:

  1. LAMP Stack

It is a widely used model of web service stacks. Its name “LAMP” is an acronym of four components:

  • L = Linux, an open source operating system
  • A = Apache, widely used web server software
  • M = MySQL, popular open source database
  • P = PHP, open source server-side scripting language
  • MERN Stack

Currently, this stack is in the huge demand as it is a collection of JavaScript based technologies. It is widely used to develop web applications.

  • M = Mongo DB, no SQL database
  • E = Express, Easy to use and portable web framework
  • A = Angular.js, Robust framework for HTML5 and JavaScript web programs development
  • N = Node.js, Server-side JavaScript framework

Job Duties for a Full Stack Developer

  1. Translate user requirements into overall architecture
  2. Implementation of new systems
  3. Project management
  4. Coordination with client
  5. Write back-end code using Python, Java, Ruby and PHP languages
  6. Write front-end code using HTML and JavaScript
  7. Understand, create and debug database queries
  8. Create the test code to validate application against client requirements
  9. Monitor the performance of infrastructure
  10.  Monitor the performance of web applications
  11.  Troubleshooting web application with a fast and accurate resolution

Full Stack Developer Salary in U.S and U.K

Myths about Full Stack Developer / Engineer

Myth: A full stack developer writes all types of code by themselves.

Fact:  He / She may know different technologies but not write code on each.

Myth: Write both front-end and back-end codes.

Fact: Full Stack Developer is a master of a few stacks and is comfortable with the rest. Due to this, a Full Stack Developer can rapidly create a prototype or design as compared to a back-end or front-end engineer.

Wrapping Up

According to Gladwell’s 10,000 hours of law, it will take 10 years to master the front-end, back-end and client-oriented knowledge to be a full stack developer.

Therefore, the full stack development is by no means to accomplish overnight. What you need to do is building the technical foundation, strengthen the core skills and keep learning for more challenges.

Want to know about what it takes to be a Full Stack Developer?

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