Types of Automated Testing in DevSecOps – Automation testing is a Software testing procedure to test and differentiate the real result and the expected result. This can be accomplished by writing automated test scripts or utilizing any automation testing tool. Test automation is often used to automate repeated tasks and other testing methods which are hard to perform manually.
Automation is one of the keys to predictable and significant DevSecOps adoption in an advancing world. Numerous companies have ventured out integrating their turn of events and activities teams to drive more productive delivery of applications and tasks to the market. One way they are accomplishing these efficiencies is through automation testing.
Types of Automated Testing in DevSecOps: Few Examples
Automated Testing is a very vast area that holds strong significance in the pipeline of DevSecOps. Let’s look at a few examples of it to get a deeper insight.
1. Unit Tests
Unit tests are the smallest test cases to write in any application. You take a little bit of your code, frequently with a couple of required parameters, and check its output independently. These tests are short and execute rapidly, and are typically the majority of most automated tests.
2. Security Tests
Application security is something that should be thought of when we begin writing code. Similarly, as we write and run unit tests, running some automated security tests can help guarantee new weaknesses were not presented. For instance, as a component of your organization cycle maybe you arrange new servers or deploy some Docker containers. You could then consequently run some different fundamental security tests.
- Scan for open ports on your server.
- Test to check whether your server reacts to pings or not.
- Do an HTTP check for and approve the cookies in the response.
- Test different HTTP action words. Is it expected to support DELETE, PATCH, and so forth?
3. Integration Tests
Up to now, our tests covered our code and the usefulness of individual segments of the application. In any case, your code regularly doesn’t deal with its own. It needs to work under different pieces of the application, which is the reason integration testing is a fundamental advance all the while.
Instead of unit tests where you just check and validate one part, integration tests can validate a whole progression of interconnected segments. For instance, if your application processes online payments, and integration test can confirm your payment processing rationale is right or not.
4. End-to-End Testing
Rather than writing test cases that with a modest bunch of segments, we can do end-to-end testing to test all that we can. Like integration tests, end-to-end tests spread over longer hauls of your application. In any case, one of the principal differences is that it runs the tests under real-world situations. That implies these tests communicate with the application under test, yet in addition to any outer conditions, for example, databases, messaging queues, and third-party APIs.
Types of Automated Testing in DevSecOps: Real-World Example of Breach
Automated Testing has been in significant rise and usage for a great while now. We should take the case of Uber close to the end of 2017. Uber confronted a security breach where the individual information of 57 million clients and 600,000 drivers were breached. The organization needed to pay a payment of $100,000 to the hackers to erase the penetrated data. The break happened because specialists neglected to make sure about credentials on a GitHub site they were utilizing. These credentials were then leveraged using stolen privileges to access Amazon AWS Instances that were supporting Uber. A chronicle file containing the data was compromised.
After the mentioned breach instances, the whole world learned a key lesson and emphasized their engineers to regularly embed credentials and different DevSecOps insider facts directly into the code for simple and speedy access with the help of automated testing and techniques. Tragically, hackers exploit these circumstances and go after their carelessness.
Types of Automated Testing in DevSecOps: Best Practices of Automated Testing
- Automated security testing is the primary spot to begin. There is a wide range of automated security testing tools, including Static Application Security Testing (SAST) devices, Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST) tools, and Interactive Application Security Testing (IAST) tools. SAST tools test the application from the back to the front. They experience the code, line by line. DAST devices, on the other hand, test the application from an external perspective. These tools attempt to enter the application while it is running. IAST devices run inside the application while it is running, searching for weaknesses.
- In DevOps or a CI/CD condition, the speed at which the code is created exceeds other viewpoints. With new forms of code being pushed at a fast speed, security controls are fused in the improvement cycle at the fundamental stages in DevSecOps. Thus, it is just sensible to automate security testing with the goal that your advancement cycle doesn’t back off. Nevertheless, when you are automating security testing, you should give an appropriate idea to what you are automating. At long last, automated security tests empower your team to organize the issues and devote more opportunity to manual testing.
Types of Automated Testing in DevSecOps: Conclusion
We have discussed automated testing in detail in this blog. However, to the extent it goes, it’s important to feature what automation is prepared to do and what it has to bring to the table for us. In this way, we attempted to cover the greater part of the things identified with automated testing like automation frameworks, types of automated testing, and its tools.
The correct choice of automation tools and practices, testing cycles, and teams, are significant players for automated testing to be fruitful. Manual and automated techniques go inseparably for effective testing in general.